新概念第二册Lesson 9-11教案

发布于:2021-10-27 07:28:38

Lesson 9-11
Lesson 9 A cold welcome
【New words and expressions】 welcome n. 欢迎;v. 欢迎本 gather v. 聚集 shout v. 喊叫 ★welcome n. 欢迎;v. 欢迎 ① n. 欢迎 ② v. 欢迎 a cold welcome 冷遇 welcome to+地点 crowd n. 人群 hand n. (表或机器的)指针 refuse v. 拒绝 laugh v. 笑

welcome to China;welcome to my home;welcome home;welcome back ③ adj. 受欢迎的 You are welcome. 1.你是受欢迎的。2.不用谢

You are welcome to+地点 ★crowd n. 人群 ① n. 人群 in the crowd 在人群中

I spotted him in the crowd. 我在人群中一眼就认出了他 a crowd of people 一群人,没有次序的人群, 拥挤的人群 a group of people 一群人,有次序的人群 a large crowd of people/crowds of people:人山人海 ② v.拥挤, 挤满 ★gather v. 聚集 ① vt. 使集拢,集合,召集 He gathered a large crowd of people round him. ② vt 收集,采集,收(庄稼等) The children are out in the field gathering flowers. 孩子们在外面地里采花。 It has taken me a lifetime to gather all these books. 收集所有这些书花了我一辈子的时间。 ③ vi. 集拢,聚集,集合 They gathered under the Town Hall clock.

people gathered 人们聚集在一起, 尤指自发性的聚集 ★hand n. 1.(表或机器的)指针;手

minute hand;second hand;hour hand second hand 二手的,旧的,秒针

分/秒/时针

wait me a moment/wait me a few seconds(for a few secs.) (secs.是seconds 的缩写) 2.有本事的人,能手[(+at)] 3.帮助 4.方面 of homework vt. 递交,递给 ★refuse v. 拒绝 ① vt. 拒绝(接受、服从等) ② vt. 拒不,不肯,不愿 [+to-v] John refused to change his mind. 约翰拒不改变主意。 ③ vi. 拒绝,不接受 I offered to pay him for his help, but he refused. 示 offer['? f? ] 给予,提供;拿出,出 She refused the gift [g? ft] 礼品. He was an old hand at the job.

Could you give me a hand with the baggage? On one hand he likes watching TV; on the other hand he has a lot to do, he is very busy all day. He handed me a glass of beer.

对于他的帮助我提出给他报酬,但他拒绝了。

★shout v.喊叫=call out 大声喊叫 cry out 大声哭喊 scream [skrim]尖叫 ★laugh vi. 笑;嘲笑[(+at)] 他们对自己的失败一笑置之。

They laughed at their own failure. 【Text】

On Wednesday evening, we went to the Town Hall. It was the last day of the year and a large crowd of people had gathered under the Town Hall clock. It would strike twelve in twenty minutes' time. Fifteen minutes passed and then, at five to twelve, the clock stopped. The big minute hand did not move. We waited and waited, but nothing happened. Suddenly someone shouted. 'It's two minutes past twelve! The clock has stopped!' I looked at my watch. It was true. The big clock refused to welcome the New Year. At that moment, everybody began to laugh and sing. 参考译文:星期三的晚上, 我们去了市政厅. 那是一年的最后一天, 一大群人聚 集在市政厅的大钟下面. 再过20分钟, 大钟将敲响12 下. 15 分钟过去了, 而就 在11 点55 分时, 大钟停了. 那根巨大的分针不动了. 我们等啊等啊, 可情况没

有变化. 突然有人喊道: “已经12 点零2 分了!那钟已经停了!” 我看了一下我的 手表,果真如此. 那座大钟不愿意迎接新年. 此时, 大家已经笑了起来, 同时唱起 了歌. 【课文讲解】 1、A cold welcome 冷遇 cold fish冷漠的人 cold adj. 冷的, 寒冷的, 冷淡的

My brother is a cold fish.

英语中有许多以动物代替人的词: lucky dog 幸运的人 2、On Wednesday evening, we went to the Town Hall. morning,afternoon,evening前如果加修饰词则用介词on,否则用in 3、It was the last day of the year and a large crowd of people had gathered under the Town Hall clock. the last day of the year 一年中的最后一天 a large crowd of the people 一大群人

☆ below / under 这两个介词都可以表示位置“在…下面”,但有区别。 (1).below表示“在…之下”,“在…的下游”,与介词above相对应,常指在某物体 之下,但不一定在该物的正下方。例如: Some parts of the country are below sea level.那个国家的某些部分位于海* 面之下。 He is below the average at school.他的学*成绩在全校*均水准以下。 (2). under表示“在…之下”,通常表示位置处于正下方,与介词over“在…上方”相 对应。例如: Our boat went under the bridge.我们的船通过桥下。 A cat is sitting under the table.一只猫在桌子下面。 4、It would strike twelve in twenty minutes' time.

★strike[stra? k] v. 打,击;敲,弹(钟,乐器等) ①v. 打,击 She struck the man in the face.

② v. 敲,弹(钟,乐器等) strike the clock (人)敲钟 clock strike 钟自己响

Listen, the clock is striking. 3 ○敲门用knock,敲钟用strike

strike twelve 数字表示敲击的次数

hit和strike在一定时候可以互换,都是一次性打 beat:连续不断的打 beat drums:敲鼓 ★in twenty minutes' time 20分钟之后 根据时态判别in表示的含义:如果是将来式,in+段时间表示一段时间以后 minutes'名词所有格,用来表达时间 名词所有格表示时间或距离

(1).有生命的东西:my mother's; kit's; Tom's (2).可以用来表达时间:It will leave in five minutes'time. in twenty(minutes'time)名词所有格可省略 (3).表示距离(在指路时常用) -How far is the school from here? -About five minutes' walk. 五分钟路程 5、Fifteen minutes passed and then, at five to twelve, the clock stopped. … minutes pass … 几点过几分(前半小时,pass过了) … minutes to … 几点过几分(后半小时,to还没到) a quarter to nine/15 minutes to nine 时刻指点时间, 时间指段时间。时刻前的介词用at。 …minutes later 几分钟以后 本句句式:…(some time) passed and then, sth. happened ……时间过去了,…… An hour passed and then, he arrived. 一个小时过去了,他终于来了。 6、We waited and waited, but nothing happened. waited and waited 等啊等啊, 强调动作的重复(walked and walked;run and run) happen vi.事情做主语, 事情发生. What happened? 7、The clock has stopped! 现在完成时,强调过去动作导致的结果。 看一般过去式,只要按字面意思理解即可。 看过去完成式,要读出潜在的意思。 8、It was true. It was true that+从句……是一个事实 Nothing happened. an hour's time

9、The big clock refused to welcome the New Year. refuse to do sth. 拒绝去做某事 I refuse to leave. 我拒绝离开 I refuse to move. 我拒绝移动

10、At that moment, everybody began to laugh and sing. at that moment = just then 就在那时 at the moment = now 现在, 此刻, 在此时 【Key structures】 引导时间状语的介词in/on/at/during/till 与until 1、用in的时间短语有: ① 表示一天中的某段时间:in the morning;in the afternoon;in the evening ② 表示周、月份、年份:in a week;in January;in Feb;in 1992 ③ 表示季节:in summer;in spring;in autumn;in winter in+表示时间长度的短语可以表示“在某段时间之内”,这时可以与现在时、过去 时或将来时连用,一般与完成某动作有关;还可译为“……时间之后”,一般与将 来时连用。根据时态判别in 表示的含义 in twenty minutes' time 20 分钟之后 We will finish ['f? n? ? ] class in half an hour. 2、用on的时间短语有: ① 表示星期:on Monday;on Friday ② 表示日期:on June 1st;on 23rd March(在书写日期时没有冠词,但在口语中 则分别读为:on June the first;on the 23rd of March三月) ③ 表示星期+日期:on Monday, June 1st ④ 表示具体时间:on Wednesday evening;on fine afternoon;on that day 3、用at 的时间短语有: ① 表示确切的时间:at five to twelve;at ten o'clock ② 表示用餐时间:at lunch/dinner time;at teatime ③ 表示其他时刻:at night;at noon;at midnight;at that time 4、during在……期间,后必须跟一个名词,可以指整个一段时间,有时可以用in 替代。 He has phoned four times during the last half hour.

I met him sometime during the week.(不能用in代替) 我是在这一周的某天遇到 他的。 during the holiday 强调假期的从头到尾 He enjoyed himself during his holiday. in the holiday 强调这段时间其中某一点时间, 并不表示自始至终 I was caught in an accident in the holiday. caught [k? t] (catch的过去式和过去分词) 5、from…till… 指一段明确的时间: The tourist season ['sizn] 季,季节runs from June till October. 6、until prep.&coin. 直到……时候,直到什么时候为止, 直到什么时候才 until主句和从句两个都用一般过去时对(最*惯的一种用法), 主句和从句任何一 个用过去完成时也对 I can't enter for the sports meeting until tomorrow. I had not understood the problem until he explained it. We hadn't disturbed him until he finished work. We didn't disturb him until he had finished work. We didn't disturb him until he finished work.(更*惯于这种用法) 7、from…to…从……到 Everyday we have English class from 8:30 to 11:30 关于时间表示方法: What’s the time?/What time is it? A整点: A o’clock A点B 分(B<30): A B / B pastA A点15 分: A fifteen / fifteen past A / a quarter pastA A点30 分: A thirty / half past A A点B分(B>30) : A B / (60-B) to (A+1) A点45 分: A forty-five / a quarter to (A+1) / fifteen to (A+1) 【Special Difficulties】 Any,Not...Any and No any用于否定句和疑问句中,some用于肯定句(或要求得到肯定回答的疑问句) Do you have any friends? I don't have any friends.

not 用在非实义动词后面, 实义动词前面. not any=no <adj.>用在名词前面,no比not any的语气要强,但这两种否定的意义 是相同的。 I have no friends.

no可构成复合词nobody,none,nothing,nowhere;any可构成复合词anybody, anything和anywhere。 在一个句子中通常只能有一个否定词(包括never,hardly等词)

Lesson 10

Not for jazz

【New words and expressions】 jazz musical n. 爵士音乐 adj. 音乐的 有音乐天赋的人 学音乐的人) (a kind of music)

---musical student ---music student instrument

n. 乐器

---instrument=musical instrument instrument常用的意思是“器械”、“器具”,尤指医疗、机器等方面的。也可用来泛 指各种乐器。

★recently recently=lately ★damage

adv. 最*

v. 损坏

① n. 损害,损失,伤害 ---The storm has done a lot of damage to the village. ② vt. 损害,毁坏,损坏 ---The car was badly damaged in the accident. ★key ① n. 琴键 ② n. 钥匙,答案 ---key to the door 门钥匙

---Do you know the key to the question? ③ adj. 关键的 ★shock ① v. 使不悦或生气, 震惊 ---The news shocks me. ② adj. 令人震惊的 ---It is shocking. ③ adj. 感到震惊 ---I'm shocked. ④ n. 震惊 get a shock shock surprise 必指坏事, 令人不悦, 生气的 好事坏事都可以, 只要你没有料到的 ---key structure

---I want to give you surprise.

★allow

v. 允许, 让

allow doing sth. Smoking is allowed.=people allow smoking. allow sb. to do sth. / sb. be allowed to do sth. allow常用于被动语态 ---You are allowed to smoke.(被动语态) ---You are not allowed to enter the room if you don't take the card with you. ★touch ① vt.&vi. 触摸,碰 ---You are not allowed to touch the vase. ② vt. 谈及,涉及,关系到 ---A rise in the cost of living touches everyone. 有关系 生活费用的增加与每个人都

【Text】 We have an old musical instrument. It is called a clavichord. It was made in Germany in 1681. Our clavichord is kept in the living room. It has belonged to our family for a long time. The instrument was bought by my grandfather many years ago. Recently it was damaged by a visitor. She tried to play jazz on it! She struck the keys too hard and two of the strings were broken. My father was shocked. Now we are not allowed to touch it. It is being repaired by a friend of my father's. 参考译文 我家有件古乐器, 被称作古钢琴, 是1681年德国造的. 我们的这架古钢琴存放在 起居室里. 我们家有这件乐器已经很久了, 是我祖父在很多年以前买的. 可它

最*被一个客人弄坏了, 因为她用它来弹奏爵士乐. 她在击琴键时用力过猛, 损 坏了两根琴弦. 我父亲大为吃惊, 不许我们再动它. 父亲的一个朋友正在修理这 件乐器. 【课文精讲】 1、It is called a clavichord. call在这里的意思是“把……称为”、“称呼”,既可用于主动态,也可用于被动语 态。 call sb. sth. / sb. be called 称某人为……,什么被称为…… ---What do you call this? 你们把这称为什么?

2、It has belonged to our family for a

long time.

belong是一个表示状态的动词,而不是行为动词,所以不能用于进行时,常用的 时态是一般现在时和一般过去时。 ---This farm belongs to me and it belonged to my father before me.

3、She tried to play jazz on it! play n. 玩,演奏(乐器等)

① 跟球类连用, 直接+球类; ② 跟乐器连用, +the+乐器, 演奏乐器而非音乐 ③ play music on + 乐器 , 一定要用 “on” 【Key structures】 被动语态 主动语态与被动语态皆指动词的形式而言。在主动句中,动词的主语是执行动作 的人或物;在被动句中,动作是对主语执行的。 被动语态由be的一种形式和过去分词构成。 主动语态的时态用法规则也适用于被 动语态。动词作及物动词用时才能构成被动语态。如果要说明是什么人或 什么东西做了某事,则用“by+行为主体”结构。“行为主体”也可以不表示出 来。

【Special Difficulties】 made in表示产地或时间 --- It was made in Germany. made of表示用某种材料制成(通常指制造后不改变该材料原来的性质或形状) --- The tea pot is made of silver. made from表示用数种材料制成,或者是制造后改变了材料原来的性质或形状 --- Paper can be made from wood. made by表示由谁制造 --- This cake was made by my sister. be made into 被制成……

--- The gold is made into a ring.

1. the music - composed – a German The music was composed by a German. 2. this car – designed – an Italian This car was designed by an Italian. 3. invented the telephone – in America The telephone was invented in America.

4. carpet – cleaned – on Saturday The carpet was cleaned on Saturday. 【双重所有格/双重属格 : 名词+of+名词所有格】 -’s结构通常用在人名和表示人称的名词的末尾, 而of结构则常与无生命的名词连 用。 -’s结构的所有格可用于of结构之后,称为双重所有格。在名词前面,可以用a, this,that,these,some,any,no等,但不用the。 He is a friend of mine. He is no friend of mine. “他是我的一个特殊的或惟一的朋友”。 “我根本不认识他”或“他是我的敌人”

强调很多当中的一个或几个的时候, 选用双重属格结构 a friend of my father/my father's friend(s) a friend of my father's 只有一个朋友

很多朋友中的一个 我的很多朋友中的一个

It happened to a friend of mine.

Lesson 11 One good turn deserves another
【New words and expressions】 turn n. 行为,举止 lawyer n. 律师 salary n. 工资 deserve v. 应得到,值得 bank n. 银行 immediately adv. 立刻

★turn n. 行为, 举止(对人有影响力的行为,很少用。) 常用behavior turn n. 1)(帮助或损害他人的)举动、行为 Yesterday George did me a good/an ill turn. 乔治昨天做了一件对我有利/不利的 事。 He is always ready to do a turn for others. 他总是乐于为他人做好事。 behavior [b? 'hevj? ] n. 行为, 举止 2) 轮流,顺序 eg. I knew that my turn had come. 我知道这回轮到我了。 eg. They are on duty in turn. 他们在轮流值班。 turn v. turn on; turn off (装有阀门、有开关的东西) Pay attention to your behavior.

turn on the light 打开灯 turn on the TV 打开电视 turn on the tap 打开水龙头

turn off the light 关掉灯 turn off the TV 关掉电视 turn off the tap 关掉水龙头

turn down 调小一些;turn up 调大一些 turn over 翻身 turn round 转过身来;turn around 转过身来

take sb down/let sb down 让…..失望 eg. Don't turn your parents down. 不要让父母失望。 turn sth down 拒绝某事(refuse sth) turn my plan down 拒绝我的计划 turn against 背叛 eg. I'll never turn against my motherland. 我永远不会背叛我的祖国。 ★deserve v. 应得到, 值得(中性,可褒,可贬) ① deserve + n. 应该得到……,值得……,应得(奖赏、惩罚等) He deserves praise. 他应该得到表扬 He deserved a promotion. (promotion [pr?'mo? ?n] n. 提升) ② deserve sth./to do sth. 应该…… She deserved to be punished ['p? n? ? ] 罚;惩罚,处罚. Good work deserves good pay. 多劳多得 His words deserve attention. 他的话值得注意。 worth adj. 值得的 be worth doing 值得做 turn my help down 拒绝我的帮助

The film is worth seeing the second time. 这部电影值得再看一遍。 The book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。 be worthy of 值得….的,足以….的 be worthy of praise / be worthy to be praised 值得被表扬的 worthwhile adj. 值得花时间、金钱的,值得做的 a worthwhile task 一件值得做的工作 ★lawyer n. 律师 ★bank n. 银行 ★salary n. 工资 lawyer's office 律师事务所 rob the bank 抢银行

salary n. 薪金,薪水(月薪, 年薪,通常指职员、脑力劳动者(如律师、教师、医 生等)有固定工作或管理阶层的收入,数额比较固定,一般按月支付) My salary is paid on the 28th of the month. wage n. 工资,工钱(按小时, 周计算的,通常指技工或一般体力劳动者,不稳定 的工作人的收入,按周或天支付。一般用复数形式wages)。 When I worked as a waiter, the wages were low, but the tips were good. 我当侍者时工资不高,但小费可观。 pay n. 雇主定期付给的工资(salary+wage [wed? ] 薪水;报酬,通用) Today is pay-day. 今天是发工资的日子。 bonus ['bon?s] n. 奖金, 分红 collet ['kɑl? t] v. 搜集, 领取 collect salary/wage 领工资

与工资相关短语:pay-day 发工资的日子 wage earner 体力劳动者 salary man 专业人员,办公室人员 nine-to-fiver 有固定工作的人;朝九晚五的白领 an annual salary 年薪 basic salary 基本工资 a fat salary / a high salary /a good salary 高薪 a poor salary / a low salary 低薪 a meager ['mi:g?] salary 微薄的薪水 ★immediately adv. 立刻 同义短语: at once, right away, straight away, quickly, promptly,right now immediate adj. 立刻的,很快的 an immediate answer 立即答复 an immediate cause 直接原因 take immediate action 立即采取行动 an immediate boss 直属上司

【Text】 I was having dinner at a restaurant ['r? st?r?nt] when Tony Steele came in. Tony worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank. He gets a

good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. Tony saw me and came and sat at the same table. He has never borrowed money from me. While he was eating, I asked him to lend me twenty pounds. To my surprise, he gave me the money immediately. 'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said, 'so now you can pay for my dinner!'

【参考译文】: 我正在一家饭馆吃饭, 托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来. 托尼曾在一家律师事务所工作, 而 现在正在一家银行*. 他的薪水很高, 但他却总是向朋友借钱, 并且从来不还. 托尼看见了我, 就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前.他从未向我借过钱. 当他吃饭时, 我提出向他借20 英镑. 令我惊奇的是, 他立刻把钱给了我.“我还从未向你借过 钱, “托尼说道, “所以现在你可以替我付饭钱了!” 【课文讲解】 1、One good turn deserves another 礼尚往来, 善有善报 one bad turn deserves another 恶有恶报

2. I was having dinner at a restaurant when Tony Steele came in. ★have breakfast; have lunch; have a meal 吃一顿饭 3、He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. ★○工资很高:a good salary; a high salary; a fat salary 1 工资很低:a poor salary; a low salary 2 ○borrow 借入 borrow sth from sb lend sth to sb / lend sb sth have supper; have dinner

lend 借出 3 ○pay

在这里的意思是“偿还(债务等)”,还可解释为“付,支付(价款、账单)

等”。Pay 既是及物动词也可以是不及物动词。pay-paid-paid pay…back 还钱

pay money for……为…付款

pay for 付款

pay back = return the amount of money =repay还钱 pay off 还清 pay off the debt 还清债务

eg. I paid 100,000 yuan for this car. 这辆车我花了十万元。 eg. I'll pay you back. 我会还你钱的/ 我会报复你的。 ★表花费的词: spend:(人)spend time/money/energy on sth / (in) doing sth (人)在花时间/金钱/精力,在某事上/用来做某事 cost v. (主语是:事情,某物)花费 cost-cost- cost

take:It takes(took) sb some time to do sth. 做某事花某人时间 eg. It takes me 20 minutes to go to work every day. return 归还:return + n. + to… 把…还给某人;把…归还某处 eg. Will you return my key to the car? 你把车钥匙还给我,好吗? eg. You should return the book to the shelf after you read it. repay 1) 偿还,还钱 eg. He has not repaid me $ 10 yet. 他还没还我10 美元呢。 2) 报答,回报(某人) eg. I will repay her for her kindness. 我会报答她的好意的。 or: I will repay her kindness. 4、Tony saw me and came and sat at the same table. ★and连接三个并列的动词 at table 吃饭 at the same table 坐在同一张桌子旁边

at the table 坐在桌子旁边

5、'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said, 'so now you can pay for my dinner!' ★pay for 为……而付钱 I have paid for you a dinner.

I have paid 20 dollars for the book. ★ask (sb.) for sth. 问……要…… It's my treat [trit].我请客 This time is your treat. Next time is my turn. Let's go dutch [d? t? ]. AA制

【Special Difficulties】动词+名词/代词+带to的不定式 ★语序:有些动词的后面用动词不定式作宾语时,往往要在动词后面先加上一个 名词或代词。有些动词后的名词/代词可有可无,但有和没有经常不会影响整个 句子的意义。 eg. I ask him to lend me twenty pounds.him是不定式to lend的逻辑主语 eg. He wants me to ask you a question. eg. Frank helped Tom to dig this hole. eg. She taught her son to read. eg. We advise them to stay at home. eg. They did not allow us to enter the museum before 9 o'lock. 总结: want sb to do sth allow sb to do sth beg sb to do sth advise sb to do sth ask sb to do sth help sb to do sth teach sb to do sth expect sb to do sth or: help sb do sth

还有一些动词后面用不定式作宾语时,其后通常必须有一名词或代词。这类动词 有allow,advise [?d'va? z] 劝告,忠告,help,teach,tell,request [r? 'kw? st] 要求, 请求等,这类动词不但可用于主动语态,也可用于被动语态: We were not allowed to see the picture. hope一定不能说hope sb. to do sth.,正确用法是hope to do (希望自己)或hope that(希望别人)


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